Movie Watch Effecting Change: Speaking Truth to Power Free Solar Movies Hd-720p Part 1 HD 1080p






The issue that comes back. Once the government becomes purely socialism by definition you are no longer free. The government can take from you whatever they deem acceptable to better society whether you agree or not, and if you still refuse. You get put in jail. Do some research into the Gulags. May Allah reward you. I needed this you for your bravery dr west. as a revolutionary christian, you are a spiritual gangster.

MIT wins Awards for inclusivity, makes huge efforts to accept trans students, and has trans counselling What is that proof of? They were answering a question) Trans Student still commits suicide and complains not being able access help but. Didnt go see the award winning MIT counselling and MIT is still winning awards while their trans students are still comitting suicide ? Did anyone else find thems points a lil non-sensical. Always lovd to hear my Granson sing. PJ. American ummah what does that even mean? does this guy not understand that nationalism and Islam do not go hand in hand. how do people call this guy a scholar.

YQ goin hard for da hood. Face facts political Islam is the cause of the Middle East's problems. It is an ancient antiquated ideology that belongs in history. T he phrase "speaking truth to power" is probably one of most common quotes cited by Comment is free posters. ad hominem" and "Godwin's Law" not withstanding. Praise is heaped by the bucket-load upon anyone who is prepared to stick their head above the parapet and tell those in authority how it really is. As long as everyone is comfortable with the message, of course. The enduring power imbalance between the genders means that, more often than not, when women speak truth to power it is men we are confronting, and, as the reaction to Julie Bindel's blog on Friday illustrates, our message is not as welcome on Cif, or indeed across the blogsphere, as that of our male counterparts. At the first mention of male violence, for instance, the worldwide web rings with the sound of men protesting their innocence: Why are you smearing us all with the same brush. they cry "I've never raised a hand to a woman and I never will raise one! And yet, try as I may, no matter how many times I read the blog, I can't see a single instance where Julie suggested they all did. I watched the blog unfold over Friday afternoon and even I was shocked by the amount of vitriol aimed at the author. As a woman who has been posting and commenting on Cif for over a year I thought I had become inured to the sexism by now, but even I wasn't prepared for this. I was relieved when the blog was closed to comments for the night, although plenty of others weren't; but if posters are prepared to do nothing but throw abuse at an author, what right have they to complain when the moderators step in? I'm not here to ask for special treatment for women bloggers, although I have no doubt I'll be accused of wanting just that, nor am I asking for positive discrimination or any of the other special measures so-called minority groups are condemned for supporting. What I am doing is pointing out the effect of the almost constant mobbing that women writers endure when they dare to pen articles that tackle important women's issues; when they dare to challenge the existing status quo, and when they start to ask uncomfortable questions of those who still wield the power across the globe. As Kathy Sierra discovered to her cost, when a woman steps onto the net, she'd better be prepared for the inevitable shit storm that will follow, and that's even if the subject isn't controversial. Sierra was forced into hiding after receiving online death threats from anonymous abusers, while other feminist bloggers have been forced to either close down their sites or endure a relentless bombardment of vile and misogynistic messages. Since I began writing for Cif I've already had my name linked to a pornographic website, and I've also been subjected to online abuse from men who have taken issue with my articles: Classic narrow slitty, bitter, sly looking eyes, short hair, mannish looking always, always hate men. Has she never felt like hitting someone - her girlfriend - has she hit her girlfriend? The above comment was posted one charmer over at the deceptively named when I wrote about domestic violence. Another poster suggested an ingenious solution for sorting out the feminists: Put them all together in a fucking room with those they are moaning about, and it will be no surprise to see that they will be ripped to shreds limb by limb. " Nice. I've spoken to women who have told me: I always read the blogs, but I'd never start commenting on them; there's too much hatred for women out there. " Is it really any wonder that women are so reluctant to contribute, when all we get for our pains are campaigns of harassment and intimidation? If we mention sexism, we're inundated with instructions on how we should lighten up and quit being so humourless, radical and divisive; mention violence against women and despite all the evidence we can muster we are inundated with posters desperate to prove that women are in fact the more violent sex; try and be lighthearted and we're accused of being empty-headed and trivial, and try and tackle science and we are accused of not understanding the subject. So what exactly do you want us to talk about? After years of male domination on the web things are starting to look up. According to recent research there are now more women online than ever before, taking up 27% more computer time than men. So I'm sorry MrPikeBishop and others, I know you would prefer it if "ideology driven, feminised pressure groups" would "just shut up" but it ain't going to happen. We have found our voice, and whether men on the blogs like it or not, we are here to stay.

Sheikh is speaking the powerful truth. Against a backdrop of sex, politics, and race, ANITA reveals the intimate story of a woman who spoke truth to power. An entire country watched as a poised, beautiful African-American woman sat before a Senate committee of 14... There you go. Uber connexts car owners with people who need rides, then uber skims off the top. Why cant uber be owned by the people with cars Uhm. Welcome to capitalism. They can. They didnt because they were lazy and Uber wasn't. You and your car can create a taxi company. You choose to work for Uber. Capitalism. Freedom.

Power to the people. A very inspiring speech. the further he moves away from his wahhabi leanings, the more relevant he's becoming. however most scholars i know of would say that the classical fiqh allows for the slave owner to have non-consensual sex with his female slaves and that a non muslims woman's marriage is anulled if she is taken captive and enslaved. the targets he aimed at were well deserving but this central point still needs to be addressed: IF this is a correct understanding of Islam, then Islam condones the rape of slave women. You don't learn all this from a book. What a genius we have. God bless him. There is nothing I would like more than meeting with Mr West. Does he have a twitter account¿ I would like to invite him to our school.

Assalam alaikum brother. Who ever organised the gathering, could do more better InshaAllah and AVOID we all know it is HARAM. Saudi arabia is taking people from syria from the begining of war... but they don't call them refugees. that's why there's no stats of un on refugees... moreover, most refugees were taken by turkey, which campaign was financed by ksa... I am not fan of them, but got this infos from trustworthy source. Speaking truth to power is a non-violent political tactic, employed by dissidents against the received wisdom or propaganda of governments they regard as oppressive, authoritarian or an ideocracy. The phrase originated with a Pendle Hill pamphlet Speak Truth to Power: a Quaker Search for an Alternative to Violence, published in 1955. Speak Truth To Power is also the title of a global Human Rights initiative under the auspices of Robert F. Kennedy Human Rights. Practitioners who have campaigned for a more just and truthful world have included Vaclav Havel [1] Nelson Mandela, Archbishop Desmond Tutu, Mahatma Gandhi, the Dalai Lama and Elie Wiesel. [2] History of the concept [ edit] In classical Greece, speaking truth to power" was known as parrhesia. The tactic is similar to satyagraha (literally, truth-force" which Mahatma Gandhi used in seeking independence from British India. [3] Historian Clayborne Carson attributes the popularizing of the phrase in America to civil rights organizer and peace activist Bayard Rustin, reporting that he adapted it in the early 1940s from a saying of the Prophet Muhammad: 4] See William E. Phipps, Muhammad and Jesus: A Comparison of the Prophets and Their Teachings, page 157 " Rustin adapted and condensed this concept as part of co-writing the pamphlet Speak Truth to Power: a Quaker Search for an Alternative to Violence, published in 1955 [5. In 1970, Albert O. Hirschman wrote that subordinates have three options: Exit, Voice, and Loyalty. [6] 7] However, according to Michel Foucault, only the courageous may pursue the truth-to-power course, as they risk losing their friends (as Winston Churchill did in the 1930s, 8] their liberty, even their lives (as Liu Xiaobo did [9. 10] Noam Chomsky is dismissive of "speaking truth to power. He asserts: power knows the truth already, and is busy concealing it. It is the oppressed who need to hear the truth, not the oppressors. [11] Examples [ edit] Alexander Solzhenitsyn [12] and Andrei Sakharov [13] are among those who suffered for speaking out against the USSR. In 1936, Japanese finance minister Takahashi Korekiyo was assassinated after suggesting that Japan could not afford its planned military buildup. [14] Dietrich Bonhoeffer in Nazi Germany, and Martin Luther King in the US, were people who lost their lives for speaking truth to power. [15] The former world heavyweight boxing champion Muhammad Ali was jailed in the 1960s for refusing to be drafted to the Vietnam war, saying; No Vietcong ever called me nigger. I have no quarrel with the Vietnamese people. 16] Vaclav Havel in his Power of the Powerless essay wrote: The post-totalitarian system touches people at every step, but it does so with its ideological gloves on. This is why life in the system is so thoroughly permeated with hypocrisy and lies: government by bureaucracy is called popular government; the working class is enslaved in the name of the working class; the complete degradation of the individual is presented as his ultimate liberation; depriving people of information is called making it available; the use of power to manipulate is called the public control of power, and the arbitrary abuse of power is called observing the legal code; the repression of culture is called its development; the expansion of imperial influence is presented as support for the oppressed; the lack of free expression becomes the highest form of freedom; farcical elections become the highest form of democracy; banning independent thought becomes the most scientific of world views; military occupation becomes fraternal assistance. Because the regime is captive to its own lies, it must falsify everything. It falsifies the past. It falsifies the present, and it falsifies the future. It falsifies statistics. 17] Ex- GCHQ employee Katharine Gun was threatened with prosecution for exposing an alleged conspiracy to bug United Nations delegates prior to the Iraq invasion of 2003. Together with Daniel Ellsburg, Coleen Rowley and Sibel Edmonds, she set up the Truth-telling Coalition to encourage more of their former colleagues to ‘tell truth to power. [18] 19] In education [ edit] The reverend Nick Mercer, an assistant chaplain at Sherborne School, believes that Human Rights and morality should be taught in all schools. Mercer, who gave evidence on mistreatment of detainees in Iraq, once served as a military lawyer. [20] According to Vaclav Havel, politics should not be ignored because it attracts bad people. It follows that politics requires people of exceptional purity, higher sensitivity, taste, tact and responsibility. ‘Those who say that politics is disreputable help make it so… Those who claim that politics is a dirty business are lying to us. 21] Michel Foucault spoke and wrote about power and oppression by examining how "technologies of power and knowledge have, since antiquity, intertwined and developed in concrete and historical frameworks. 22] Paulo Freire in his seminal work Pedagogy of the Oppressed explains how "oppression has been justified and how it is reproduced through a mutual process between the "oppressor" and the "oppressed" oppressors–oppressed distinction. Freire admits that the powerless in society can be frightened of freedom. He writes, Freedom is acquired by conquest, not by gift. It must be pursued constantly and responsibly. Freedom is not an ideal located outside of man; nor is it an idea which becomes myth. It is rather the indispensable condition for the quest for human completion. According to Freire, freedom will be the result of praxis—informed action—when a balance between theory and practice is achieved. 23] In popular culture [ edit] Books [ edit] Anita Hill 's book Speaking Truth to Power (1998) is a candid autobiography in which Hill reflects on her experience of testifying at the 1991 Clarence Thomas Supreme Court nomination hearings, gives details on her earlier professional relationship with Clarence Thomas, and explains her motivation for going public with her sexual harassment accusations against Thomas. [24] Kerry Kennedy 's book Speak Truth To Power: Human Rights Defenders Who Are Changing Our World (1st edition 2000) with photographs by Eddie Adams, features interviews with dedicated human rights campaigners including: José Ramos-Horta from East Timor, Dianna Ortiz of Guatemala, Baltasar Garzón of Spain and Desmond Tutu of South Africa. [25] Films [ edit] The story of Sophie Scholl and the White Rose non-violent, intellectual resistance group in the Third Reich has been filmed four times, including Die Weiße Rose (1982. 26] and Sophie Scholl: The Final Days (2005. 27] Richard Attenborough 's film Gandhi (1982) was a worldwide success, despite one Hollywood mogul's opinion that the central character was a "little brown man in a sheet whom nobody wants to see. 28] More recent films exemplifying speaking truth to power include the biopic Snowden (2016) about the whistleblower Edward Snowden, and Official Secrets (2019) about the story of Katharine Gun. Television [ edit] The phrase "truth to power" is often used in the HBO series The Wire. [29] For example, for a reality check, politician Tommy Carcetti frequently asks his trusted advisor Norman Wilson to speak "truth to power" 30] e. g., in season 5, episode 1. 31] See also [ edit] Ideology Parrhesia Power politics Sanity State collapse WikiLeaks References [ edit] Havel, Václav; et al. (1985. Keane, John, ed. The Power of the Powerless: Citizens against the state in central-eastern Europe. Armonk, NY: M. E. Sharpe. ISBN   0-87332-761-6. ^ Nan Richardson (ed) Kerry Kennedy and Eddie Adams, Speak Truth to Power' Umbrage, 2003, introduction. ^ Galbraith, John Kenneth (1983. The Anatomy of Power. Hamish Hamilton. p. 89. ^ the most excellent jihad is when one speaks a true word in the presence of a tyrannical ruler. ^ See Clayborne Carson lecture on African-American Freedom Struggle, 17:30 ^ Corkindale, Gill (21 July 2011. The Price of (Not) Speaking Truth to Power. Harvard Business Review. ^ Hirschman, Albert O. (1970. Exit, Voice, and Loyalty. ^ Baldoni, John (28 June 2017. Churchill and Orwell; speaking truth to power. Forbes Magazine. ^ Dorn, James A. (18 July 2017. What Liu Xiaobo's grisly prison death tells us about free speech in China. Newsweek. ^ Foucault, Michel (1983. Fearless Speech. p. 15–16. ^ Eagleton, Terry (3 April 2006. The Truth Speakers. New Statesman. ^ Anon, Speaking Truth to Power' The Economist, 7 August 2008 ^ Serge Schmemann, The moral clarity of Andrei Sakharov' Hoover Institution, 7 October 2015 ^ The Japanese Empire, Cambridge University Press, 2017, p101 ^ James Deotis Roberts, Bonhoeffer and King: Speaking Truth To Power, Westminster John Knox Press, 2005 ^ Rabbi Michael Lerner, Be Muhammad Ali today - speak truth to power' memorial speech, The Journalist, 2016 ^ The Power of the Powerless (essay. ^ Martin Bright, ‘What happened to the Woman who revealed dirty tricks on the UN Iraq War vote. The Guardian, 2 March 2013. ^ Katharine Gun, ‘The Truth Must Out, The Guardian, 18 September 2004 ^ Richard Garner, Iraq abuse whistleblower Nick Mercer; Schools must teach speaking truth to power. Independent, 25 December 2014 ^ Timothy Garton Ash, History of the Present, Penguin, 2000, p 162-3 ^ Power/knowledge: Selected Interviews and Other Writings, 1972-1977 ^ Freire, Paulo. Pedagogy of the Oppressed. New York: Continuum, 2007. ^ Speaking Truth to Power. Retrieved 16 June 2019. ^ Speak Truth to Power: Human Rights Defenders Who Are Changing Our World. Retrieved 16 June 2019. ^ Maslin, Janet (6 May 1983. Film review: Die Weiße Rose. The New York Times. ^ Holden, Stephen (17 February 2006. The quiet resolve of a German anti-Nazi martyr. The New York Times. ^ Chilton, Martin (11 April 2016. Film review: Gandhi. Daily Telegraph. ^ Zurawik, David (19 November 2006. He Must Speak Truth To Power. Baltimore Sun. ^ Sweeney, Sheamus (B. A. Honors & M. Honors) August 2013. From here to the rest of the world' Crime, class, and labour in David Simon's Baltimore (PDF. School of Communications. CS1 maint: uses authors parameter ( link.

Islam the solution for humanity and muhammad the director for that solutions SAW. The lack of constancy is the problem with our politics. Bernie 2020. Enter the characters you see below Sorry, we just need to make sure you're not a robot. For best results, please make sure your browser is accepting cookies. Type the characters you see in this image: Try different image Conditions of Use Privacy Policy 1996-2014, Inc. or its affiliates. I love this guy I just wish he would not have bashed Obama in a time when we could have used wests support.


What I love about the black community is that we always believe in keeping it funky which means we're highly suspicious of de-oderised discourse. Thats crucial.
I was there to hear this live! The energy in the room was fiery and amazing mashallah. He voiced all of our inner frustrations about the sociopolitical crisis in the U.S.
An Inconvenient Truth Theatrical release poster Directed by Davis Guggenheim Produced by Laurie David Lawrence Bender Scott Z. Burns Written by Al Gore Starring Al Gore Music by Michael Brook Cinematography Bob Richman Davis Guggenheim Edited by Jay Cassidy Dan Swietlik Production company Lawrence Bender Productions Participant Productions Distributed by Paramount Classics Release date May 24, 2006 Running time 97 minutes [1] Country United States Language English Budget 1. 5 million [2] Box office 49. 8 million [3] An Inconvenient Truth is a 2006 American concert documentary film directed by Davis Guggenheim about former United States Vice President Al Gore 's campaign to educate people about global warming. The film features a comprehensive slide show that, by Gore's own estimate, he has presented over a thousand times to audiences worldwide. The idea to document Gore's efforts came from producer Laurie David, who saw his presentation at a town hall meeting on global warming, which coincided with the opening of The Day After Tomorrow. Laurie David was so inspired by his slide show that she, with producer Lawrence Bender, met with Guggenheim to adapt the presentation into a film. Premiering at the 2006 Sundance Film Festival and opening in New York City and Los Angeles on May 24, 2006, the documentary was a critical and commercial success, winning two Academy Awards for Best Documentary Feature and Best Original Song. [4] The film grossed 24 million in the U. S. and 26 million at the international box office, becoming the eleventh highest grossing documentary film to date in the United States. [5] Since the film's release, An Inconvenient Truth has been credited for raising international public awareness of global warming and reenergizing the environmental movement. The documentary has also been included in science curricula in schools around the world, which has spurred some controversy. A sequel to the film, titled An Inconvenient Sequel: Truth to Power, was released on July 28, 2017. Synopsis [ edit] An Inconvenient Truth presents in film form an illustrated talk on climate by Al Gore, aimed at alerting the public to an increasing "planetary emergency" due to global warming, and shows re-enacted incidents from his life story which influenced his concerns about environmental issues. He began making these presentations in 1989 with flip chart illustrations; 6] the film version uses a Keynote presentation, which Gore refers to as "the slide show. 7] The former vice president opens the film by greeting an audience with his well-known line about his campaign in 2000: I am Al Gore; I used to be the next President of the United States. 8] He is shown using his laptop to edit his presentation, and pondering the difficulty he has had in awakening public concern: I've been trying to tell this story for a long time and I feel as if I've failed to get the message across. 6] Gore then begins his slide show on Global Warming; a comprehensive presentation replete with detailed graphs, flow charts and stark visuals. Gore shows off several photographs of the Earth taken from multiple space missions, as Earthrise and The Blue Marble. [9] Gore notes that these photos dramatically transformed the way we see the Earth, helping spark modern environmentalism. Following this, Gore shares anecdotes that inspired his interest in the issue, including his college education with early climate expert Roger Revelle at Harvard University, his sister's death from lung cancer and his young son's near-fatal car accident. Gore recalls a story from his grade-school years, where a fellow student asked his geography teacher about continental drift; in response, the teacher called the concept the "most ridiculous thing [he'd] ever heard. Gore ties this conclusion to the assumption that "the Earth is so big, we can't possibly have any lasting, harmful impact on the Earth's environment. For comic effect, Gore uses a clip from the Futurama episode " Crimes of the Hot " to describe the greenhouse effect. Gore refers to his loss to George W. Bush in the 2000 United States presidential election as a "hard blow" yet one which subsequently "brought into clear focus, the mission [he] had been pursuing for all these years. " The Pale Blue Dot, a Voyager 1 photo showing Earth (circled) as a single pixel from 4 billion miles (6. 4 billion kilometres) away, is featured in the film. Al Gore points out that all of human history has happened on that tiny pixel, which is our only home. Throughout the movie, Gore discusses the scientific opinion on global warming, as well as the present and future effects of global warming and stresses that global warming "is really not a political issue, so much as a moral one. describing the consequences he believes global warming will produce if the amount of human-generated greenhouse gases is not significantly reduced in the very near future. Gore also presents Antarctic ice coring data showing CO 2 levels higher now than in the past 650, 000 years. The film includes segments intended to refute critics who say that global warming is unproven or that warming will be insignificant. For example, Gore discusses the possibility of the collapse of a major ice sheet in Greenland or in West Antarctica, either of which could raise global sea levels by approximately 20 feet (6 m) flooding coastal areas and producing 100 million refugees. Melt water from Greenland, because of its lower salinity, could then halt the currents that keep northern Europe warm and quickly trigger dramatic local cooling there. It also contains various short animated projections of what could happen to different animals more vulnerable to global warming. The documentary ends with Gore arguing that if appropriate actions are taken soon, the effects of global warming can be successfully reversed by releasing less CO 2 and planting more vegetation to consume existing CO 2. Gore calls upon his viewers to learn how they can help him in these efforts. Gore concludes the film by saying: Each one of us is a cause of global warming, but each one of us can make choices to change that with the things we buy, the electricity we use, the cars we drive; we can make choices to bring our individual carbon emissions to zero. The solutions are in our hands, we just have to have the determination to make it happen. We have everything that we need to reduce carbon emissions, everything but political will. But in America, the will to act is a renewable resource. [10] During the film's end credits, a diaporama pops up on screen suggesting to viewers things at home they can do to combat global warming, including "recycle. speak up in your community. try to buy a hybrid vehicle " and "encourage everyone you know to watch this movie. 11] Gore's book of the same title was published concurrently with the theatrical release of the documentary. The book contains additional information, scientific analysis, and Gore's commentary on the issues presented in the documentary. [12] 13] A 2007 documentary entitled An Update with Former Vice President Al Gore features Gore discussing additional information that came to light after the film was completed, such as Hurricane Katrina, coral reef depletion, glacial earthquake activity on the Greenland ice sheet, wildfires, and trapped methane gas release associated with permafrost melting. [14] Background [ edit] Gore gives a keynote address on sustainability at SapphireNow 2010 in May 2010 Origins [ edit] Gore became interested in global warming when he took a course at Harvard University with Professor Roger Revelle, one of the first scientists to measure carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. [15] Later, when Gore was in Congress, he initiated the first congressional hearing on the subject in 1981. [16] Gore's 1992 book, Earth in the Balance, dealing with a number of environmental topics, reached the New York Times bestseller list. [17] As Vice President during the Clinton Administration, Gore pushed for the implementation of a carbon tax to encourage energy efficiency and diversify the choices of fuel better reflecting the true environmental costs of energy use; it was partially implemented in 1993. [18] He helped broker the 1997 Kyoto Protocol, an international treaty designed to curb greenhouse gas emissions. [19] 20] The treaty was not ratified in the United States after a 95 to 0 vote in the Senate. The primary objections stemmed from the exemptions the treaty gave to China and India, whose industrial base and carbon footprint have grown rapidly, and fears that the exemptions would lead to further trade imbalances and offshoring arrangement with those countries. [21] 22] Gore also supported the funding of the controversial, and much-delayed satellite called Triana, which would have provided an image of the Earth 24 hours a day, over the internet and would have acted as a barometer measuring the process of global warming. [23] During his 2000 presidential campaign, Gore ran, in part, on a pledge to ratify the Kyoto Protocol. [24] The slide show [ edit] After his defeat in the 2000 presidential election by George W. Bush, Gore returned his focus to the topic. He edited and adapted a slide show he had compiled years earlier, and began featuring the slide show in presentations on global warming across the U. and around the world. At the time of the film, Gore estimated he had shown the presentation more than one thousand times. [25] Producer Laurie David saw Gore's slide show in New York City at a global warming town-hall meeting after the May 27, 2004 premiere of The Day After Tomorrow. [26] Gore was one of several panelists and he showed a ten-minute version of his slide show. [27] I had never seen it before, and I was floored. As soon as the evening's program concluded, I asked him to let me present his full briefing to leaders and friends in New York and Los Angeles. I would do all the organizing if he would commit to the dates. Gore's presentation was the most powerful and clear explanation of global warming I had ever seen. And it became my mission to get everyone I knew to see it too. Inspired, David assembled a team, including producer Lawrence Bender and former president of eBay Jeffrey Skoll, who met with Gore about the possibility of making the slide show into a movie. It took some convincing. The slide show, she says, was his baby, and he felt proprietary about it and it was hard for him to let go. 26] David said the box office returns weren't important to her. "None of us are going to make a dime. What is at stake, she says, is, you know, the planet. 26] David and Bender later met with director Davis Guggenheim, to have him direct the film adaptation of his slide show. Guggenheim, who was skeptical at first, later saw the presentation for himself, stating that he was "blown away. and "left after an hour and a half thinking that global warming [was] the most important issue. I had no idea how you'd make a film out of it, but I wanted to try. he said. [28] In 2004 Gore enlisted Duarte Design to condense and update his material and add video and animation. [29] Ted Boda described the tools that went into designing the project: Gore's presentation was in fact using Apple's Keynote presentation software (the same software Steve Jobs presents from) and did so for a number of reasons. As a designer for the presentation, Keynote was the first choice to help create such an engaging presentation. 30] Initially reluctant of the film adaptation, Gore said after he and the crew were into the production of the movie, the director, Guggenheim, earned his trust. [31] I had seen enough to gain a tremendous respect for his skill and sensitivity. And he said that one of the huge differences between a live stage performance and a movie is that when you're in the same room with a live person who's on stage speaking – even if it's me – there's an element of dramatic tension and human connection that keeps your attention. And in a movie, that element is just not present. He explained to me that you have to create that element on screen, by supplying a narrative thread that allows the audience to make a connection with one or more characters. He said, You've got to be that character. So we talked about it, and as I say, by then he had earned such a high level of trust from me that he convinced me. Production [ edit] When Bender first saw Gore's visual presentation he had concerns about connection with viewers, citing a "need to find a personal way in. In the string of interviews with Gore that followed, Gore himself felt like they "were making Kill Al Vol. 3. 32] Bender had other issues including a time frame that was "grueling" and needed to be done in "a very short period of time" despite many filming locations planned. These included many locations throughout the United States and also included China. "It was a lot of travel in a very short period of time. And they had to get this thing edited and cut starting in January, and ready to screen in May. That's like a seriously tight schedule. So the logistics of pulling it off with a low budget were really difficult, and if there's one person who gets credit, it's Leslie Chilcott, because she really pulled it together. 32] Technical aspects [ edit] The majority of the movie exhibits Gore delivering his lecture to an audience at a relatively small theater in Los Angeles. Gore's presentation was delivered on a 70-foot (21 m) digital screen that Bender commissioned specifically for the movie. [32] While the bulk of the film was shot on 4:4:4 HDCAM, according to director Guggenheim, a vast array of different film formats were used: There's 35mm and 16mm. A lot of the stuff on the farm I just shot myself on 8mm film. We used four Sony F950 HDCAMs for the presentation. We shot three different kinds of prosumer HD, both 30 and 24. There's MiniDV, there's 3200 black-and-white stills, there's digital stills, some of them emailed on the day they were taken from as far off as Greenland. There was three or four different types of animation. One of the animators is from New Zealand and emailed me his work. There's JPEG stuff. 33] Guggenheim says while it would've been a lot easier to use one format, it would not have had the same impact. "Each format has its own feel and texture and touch. For the storytelling of what Gore's memory was like of growing up on the farm, some of this 8mm stuff that I shot is very impressionistic. And for some of his memories of his son's accident, these grainy black-and-white stills. have a feel that contrasted very beautifully with the crisp hi-def HD that we shot. Every format was used to its best potential. Some of the footage of Katrina has this blown-out video, where the chroma is just blasted, and it looks real muddy, but that too has its own kind of powerful, impactful feeling. 33] Scientific basis [ edit] Gore presents the Keeling curve, which shows a pattern of steadily increasing carbon dioxide in the atmosphere since 1958 The film's thesis is that global warming is real, potentially catastrophic, and human-caused. Gore presents specific data that supports the thesis, including: The Keeling curve, measuring CO 2 from the Mauna Loa Observatory. The retreat of numerous glaciers is shown in before-and-after photographs. A study by researchers at the Physics Institute at the University of Bern and the European Project for Ice Coring in Antarctica (EPICA) presenting data from Antarctic ice cores showing carbon dioxide concentrations higher than at any time during the past 650, 000 years. [34] Instrumental temperature record showing that the ten hottest years ever measured in this atmospheric record had all occurred in the previous fourteen years. A 2004 survey, by Naomi Oreskes of 928 peer-reviewed scientific articles on global climate change published between 1993 and 2003. The survey, published as an editorial in the journal Science, found that every article either supported the human-caused global warming consensus or did not comment on it. [35] Gore also presented a 2004 study by Max and Jules Boykoff showing 53% of articles that appeared in major US newspapers over a fourteen-year period gave roughly equal attention to scientists who expressed views that global warming was caused by humans as they did to climate change deniers (many of them funded by carbon-based industry interests) creating a false balance. [36] The Associated Press contacted more than 100 climate researchers and questioned them about the film's veracity. All 19 climate scientists who had seen the movie or had read the homonymous book said that Gore accurately conveyed the science, with few errors. [37] William H. Schlesinger, dean of the Nicholas School of Environment and Earth Sciences at Duke University said " Gore] got all the important material and got it right. Robert Corell, chairman of the Arctic Climate Impact Assessment was also impressed. "I sat there and I'm amazed at how thorough and accurate. After the presentation I said, Al, I'm absolutely blown away. There's a lot of details you could get wrong. I could find no error. 37] Michael Shermer, scientific author and founder of The Skeptics Society, wrote in Scientific American that Gore's slide show "shocked me out of my doubting stance. 38] Eric Steig, a climate scientist writing on RealClimate, lauded the film's science as "remarkably up to date, with reference to some of the very latest research. 39] Ted Scambos, lead scientist from the National Snow and Ice Data Center, said the film "does an excellent job of outlining the science behind global warming and the challenges society faces in the coming century because of it. 40] One concern among scientists in the film was the connection between hurricanes and global warming, which remains contentious in the science community. Gore cited five recent scientific studies to support his view. [37] I thought the use of imagery from Hurricane Katrina was inappropriate and unnecessary in this regard, as there are plenty of disturbing impacts associated with global warming for which there is much greater scientific consensus. said Brian Soden, professor of meteorology and oceanography at the University of Miami. [37] Gavin Schmidt, climate modeler for NASA, thought Gore appropriately addressed the issue. [41] Gore talked about 2005 and 2004 being very strong seasons, and if you weren't paying attention, you could be left with the impression that there was a direct cause and effect, but he was very careful to not say there's a direct correlation. Schmidt said. [41] There is a difference between saying 'we are confident that they will increase' and 'we are confident that they have increased due to this effect. added Steig. "Never in the movie does he say: This particular event is caused by global warming. 41] EPICA and Vostok ice cores display the relationship between temperature and level of CO 2 for the last 650, 000 years. Current CO 2 level" is as of 2006. ) Gore's use of long ice core records of CO 2 and temperature (from oxygen isotope measurements) in Antarctic ice cores to illustrate the correlation between the two drew some scrutiny; Schmidt, Steig and Michael E. Mann back up Gore's data. "Gore stated that the greenhouse gas levels and temperature changes over ice age signals had a complex relationship but that they 'fit. Both of these statements are true. said Schmidt and Mann. [42] The complexity though is actually quite fascinating. a full understanding of why CO 2 changes in precisely the pattern that it does during ice ages is elusive, but among the most plausible explanations is that increased received solar radiation in the southern hemisphere due to changes in Earth's orbital geometry warms the southern ocean, releasing CO 2 into the atmosphere, which then leads to further warming through an enhanced greenhouse effect. Gore's terse explanation of course does not mention such complexities, but the crux of his point–that the observed long-term relationship between CO 2 and temperature in Antarctica supports our understanding of the warming impact of increased CO 2 concentrations–is correct. Moreover, our knowledge of why CO 2 is changing now (fossil fuel burning) is solid. We also know that CO 2 is a greenhouse gas, and that the carbon cycle feedback is positive (increasing temperatures lead to increasing CO 2 and CH 4) implying that future changes in CO 2 will be larger than we might anticipate. 42] Gore is careful not to state what the temperature/CO 2 scaling is. said Steig. "He is making a qualitative point, which is entirely accurate. The fact is that it would be difficult or impossible to explain past changes in temperature during the ice age cycles without CO 2 changes. In that sense, the ice core CO 2 -temperature correlation remains an appropriate demonstration of the influence of CO 2 on climate. 39] Steig disputed Gore's statement that you can visibly see the effect that the United States Clean Air Act has had on ice cores in Antarctica. "One can neither see, nor even detect using sensitive chemical methods any evidence in Antarctica of the Clean Air Act. he said, but did note that they are "clearly recorded in ice core records from Greenland. 43] Despite these flaws, Steig said that the film got the fundamental science right and the minor factual errors did not undermine the main message of the film, 43] adding " An Inconvenient Truth rests on a solid scientific foundation. 43] Lonnie Thompson, Earth Science professor at Ohio State University, whose work on retreating glaciers was featured in the film, was pleased with how his research was presented. "It's so hard given the breadth of this topic to be factually correct, and make sure you don't lose your audience. Thompson said. "As scientists, we publish our papers in Science and Nature, but very few people read those. Here's another way to get this message out. To me, it's an excellent overview for an introductory class at a university. What are the issues and what are the possible consequences of not doing anything about those changes? To me, it has tremendous value. It will reach people that scientists will never reach. 41] John Nielsen-Gammon from Texas A&M University said the "main scientific argument presented in the movie is for the most part consistent with the weight of scientific evidence, but with some of the main points needing updating, correction, or qualification. 44] Nielsen-Gammon thought the film neglected information gained from computer models, and instead relied entirely on past and current observational evidence, perhaps because such information would be difficult for a lay audience to grasp, believe, or connect with emotionally. 44] Steven Quiring, climatologist from Texas A&M University added that "whether scientists like it or not, An Inconvenient Truth has had a much greater impact on public opinion and public awareness of global climate change than any scientific paper or report. 45] Reception [ edit] Box office [ edit] The film opened in New York City and Los Angeles on May 24, 2006. [46] On Memorial Day weekend, it grossed an average of 91, 447 per theater, the highest of any movie that weekend and a record for a documentary, though it was only playing on four screens at the time. [47] At the 2006 Sundance Film Festival, the movie received three standing ovations. [48] It was also screened at the 2006 Cannes Film Festival [49] and was the opening night film at the 27th Durban International Film Festival on June 14, 2006. [50] An Inconvenient Truth was the most popular documentary at the 2006 Brisbane International Film Festival. [51] The film has grossed over 24 million in the U. S., making it the eleventh-highest-grossing documentary in the U. (from 1982 to the present. 52] It grossed nearly 26 million in foreign countries, the highest being France, where it grossed 5 million. [53] According to Gore. Tipper and I are devoting 100 percent of the profits from the book and the movie to a new bipartisan educational campaign to further spread the message about global warming. 54] Paramount Classics committed 5% of their domestic theatrical gross from the film to form a new bipartisan climate action group, Alliance for Climate Protection, dedicated to awareness and grassroots organizing. [55] Reviews [ edit] The film received a positive reaction from film critics and audiences. It garnered a "certified fresh" 93% rating at Rotten Tomatoes. At Metacritic, which assigns a weighted average score out of 100 to reviews from mainstream critics, the film has received an average score of 75, based on 32 reviews. [56] Film critics Roger Ebert and Richard Roeper gave the film "two thumbs up. Ebert said, In 39 years, I have never written these words in a movie review, but here they are: You owe it to yourself to see this film. If you do not, and you have grandchildren, you should explain to them why you decided not to. 57] calling the film "horrifying, enthralling and [having] the potential, I believe, to actually change public policy and begin a process which could save the Earth. 9] New York Magazine critic David Edelstein called the film "One of the most realistic documentaries I've ever seen—and, dry as it is, one of the most devastating in its implications. 58] The New Yorker ' s David Remnick added that while it was "not the most entertaining film of the year. it might be the most important" and a "brilliantly lucid, often riveting attempt to warn Americans off our hellbent path to global suicide. 59] The New York Times reviewer A. O. Scott thought the film was "edited crisply enough to keep it from feeling like 90 minutes of C-SPAN and shaped to give Mr. Gore's argument a real sense of drama. and "as unsettling as it can be. Scott continued, it is also intellectually exhilarating, and, like any good piece of pedagogy, whets the appetite for further study. 60] Bright Lights Film Journal critic Jayson Harsin declared the film's aesthetic qualities groundbreaking, as a new genre of slideshow film. [61] NASA climatologist James Hansen described the film as powerful, complemented by detail in the book. Hansen said that "Gore has put together a coherent account of a complex topic that Americans desperately need to understand. The story is scientifically accurate and yet should be understandable to the public, a public that is less and less drawn to science. He added that with An Inconvenient Truth, Al Gore may have done for global warming what Silent Spring did for pesticides. He will be attacked, but the public will have the information needed to distinguish our long-term well-being from short-term special interests. 62] In "extensive exit polling" of An Inconvenient Truth in "conservative suburban markets like Plano and Irvine (Orange County) as well as Dallas and Long Island" 92 percent rated "Truth" highly and 87 percent of the respondents said they'd recommend the film to a friend. [63] University of Washington professor Michele Poff argued that Gore was successful in communicating to conservative-leaning audiences by framing the climate crisis as apolitical. [64] Gore's and the environment's identification with the Democratic Party posed a significant challenge to reaching Republicans and conservatives, as well as those disgruntled with politics in general. Poff wrote. "To appeal to such individuals, Gore framed the matter as distinctly apolitical – as an issue both outside politics and one that was crucial regardless of one's ideological leanings. These explicit attempts to frame the issue as apolitical take on further gravitas when we consider how Gore infused the film with reflections of conservative values. Indeed, Gore reached deeply into the value structure of American conservatives to highlight ideals that suggested his cause was not liberal, but rather was beyond politics, beyond ideology. 64] Critical response [ edit] A small number of reviews criticized the film on scientific and political grounds. Journalist Ronald Bailey argued in the libertarian magazine Reason that although "Gore gets [the science] more right than wrong. he exaggerates the risks. [65] MIT atmospheric physicist Richard S. Lindzen was vocally critical of the film, writing in a June 26, 2006 op-ed in the Wall Street Journal that Gore was using a biased presentation to exploit the fears of the public for his own political gain. [66] A few other reviewers were also skeptical of Gore's intent, wondering whether he was setting himself for another Presidential run. Boston Globe writer Peter Canello criticized the "gauzy biographical material that seems to have been culled from old Gore campaign commercials. 67] Phil Hall of Film Threat gave the film a negative review, saying " An Inconvenient Truth is something you rarely see in movies today: a blatant intellectual fraud. 68] Others felt Gore didn't go far enough in depicting the threat Indigenous peoples faced with the dire consequences of climate change. An Inconvenient Truth completely ignores the plight of Arctic indigenous peoples whose cultures and landscapes are facing profound changes produced by melting polar ice. argued environmental historian Finis Dunaway. [69] Accolades [ edit] An Inconvenient Truth has received many different awards worldwide. The film won the 2006 Academy Awards for Best Documentary Feature [70] and Best Original Song for Melissa Etheridge 's " I Need to Wake Up. 71] It is the first documentary to win 2 Oscars and the first to win a best original song Oscar. [72] 73] After winning the 2007 Academy Award for Documentary Feature, 74] the Oscar was awarded to director Guggenheim, who asked Gore to join him and other members of the crew on stage. Gore then gave a brief speech, saying: My fellow Americans, people all over the world, we need to solve the climate crisis. It's not a political issue; it's a moral issue. We have everything we need to get started, with the possible exception of the will to act. That's a renewable resource. Let's renew it. [75] For Gore's wide-reaching efforts to draw the world's attention to the dangers of global warming which is centerpieced in the film, Al Gore, along with the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) won the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize. [76] Gore also received the Prince of Asturias Prize in 2007 for international cooperation. [77] 78] The related album, which featured the voices of Beau Bridges, Cynthia Nixon and Blair Underwood, also won Best Spoken Word Album at the 51st Grammy Awards. [79] The film received numerous other accolades, including a special recognition from the Humanitas Prize, the first time the organization had handed out a Special Award in over 10 years, 80] the 2007 Stanley Kramer Award from The Producers Guild of America, which recognizes "work that dramatically illustrates provocative social issues" 81] and the President's Award 2007 from the Society for Technical Communication "for demonstrating that effective and understandable technical communication, when coupled with passion and vision, has the power to educate—and change—the world. 82] The film won many other awards for Best Documentary: 83] Chicago Film Critics Association 2006 [84] Dallas-Fort Worth Film Critics Association 2006 [85] 86] Florida Film Critics 2006 [87] Kansas City Film Critics Awards 2006 [88] Las Vegas Film Critics Society 2006 [89] National Board of Review 2006 [90] National Society of Film Critics 2006 [91] New York Film Critics Online 2006 [92] Ohio Film Critics Awards 2006 [93] Oklahoma Film Critics Circle Awards 2006 [94] Online Film Critics Society 2006 [95] Phoenix Film Critics Circle 2006 [96] Satellite Awards 2006 (Nominated) 97] St. Louis Film Critics Awards 2006 [98] Utah Film Critics Awards 2006 [99] Washington D. C. Film Critics Association 2006 [100] Impact [ edit] The documentary has been generally well-received politically in many parts of the world and is credited for raising further awareness of global warming internationally. [101] The film inspired producer Kevin Wall to conceive the 2007 Live Earth festival [102] and influenced Italian composer Giorgio Battistelli to write an operatic adaptation, entitled " CO2. premiering at La Scala in Milan in 2015. [103] Activism [ edit] Following the film, Gore founded The Climate Reality Project in 2006 which trained 1, 000 activists to give Gore's presentation in their communities. Presently, the group has 3, 500 presenters worldwide. [104] An additional initiative was launched in 2010, called "Inconvenient Youth. Inconvenient Youth' is built on the belief that teens can help lead efforts to solve the climate crisis. said Gore. The project was inspired by Mary Doerr, a 16-year-old who trained as presenter for the organization. [104] University of Scranton professor Jessica Nolan found in a 2010 study published for Environment and Behavior that people became more informed and concerned about climate change right after seeing the film but that these concerns didn't translate into changed behavior a month later. [105] On the contrary, in a 2011 paper published in the Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, University of Oregon professor Grant Jacobsen found in the two months following the release of the film, zip codes within a 10-mile (16 km) radius of a zip code where the film was shown experienced a 50 percent relative increase in the purchase of voluntary carbon offsets. [106] Public opinion [ edit] In a July 2007 47-country Internet survey conducted by The Nielsen Company and Oxford University, 66% of those respondents who said they had seen An Inconvenient Truth stated that it had "changed their mind" about global warming and 89% said it had made them more aware of the problem. Three out of four (74% said they had changed some of their habits because of seeing the film. [101] Governmental reactions [ edit] Then-President George W. Bush, when asked whether he would watch the film, responded: Doubt it. New technologies will change how we live and how we drive our cars, which all will have the beneficial effect of improving the environment. Bush said. "And in my judgment we need to set aside whether or not greenhouse gases have been caused by mankind or because of natural effects and focus on the technologies that will enable us to live better lives and at the same time protect the environment. Gore responded that "The entire global scientific community has a consensus on the question that human beings are responsible for global warming and he [Bush] has today again expressed personal doubt that that is true. White House deputy press secretary Dana Perino stated that "The president noted in 2001 the increase in temperatures over the past 100 years and that the increase in greenhouse gases was due to a certain extent to human activity. 107] Several United States Senators screened the film. New Mexico Democratic Senator Jeff Bingaman and Nevada Democratic Senator Harry Reid saw the movie at its Washington premiere at the National Geographic Society. [108] 109] New Mexico Democratic Senator Tom Udall planned to see the film saying "It's such a powerful statement because of the way the movie is put together, I tell everybody, Democrat or Republican, they've got to go see this movie. 109] Former New Mexico Republican Senator Pete Domenici thought Gore's prominence on the global warming issue made it more difficult to get a consensus in Congress. Bingaman disputed this saying, It seems to me we were having great difficulty recruiting Republican members of Congress to support a bill before Al Gore came up with this movie. 109] Oklahoma Republican Senator Jim Inhofe, then-chairman of the Senate Environment and Public Works Committee, didn't plan to see the film (which he appears in) and compared it to Adolf Hitler 's book Mein Kampf. "If you say the same lie over and over again, and particularly if you have the media's support, people will believe it. Inhofe said, adding that he thought Gore was trying to use the issue to run for president again in 2008. [109] In contrast to Inhofe, Arizona Republican Senator John McCain, did not criticize Gore's efforts or the movie, which he planned to see. [109] Tennessee Republican Senator Lamar Alexander, said "Because (Gore) was a former vice president and presidential nominee, he brings a lot of visibility to (the issue. Alexander said. "On the other hand it may be seen as political by some, and they may be less eager to be a part of it. Alexander also criticized the omission of nuclear power in the film. "Maybe it needs a sequel: An Inconvenient Truth 2: Nuclear Power. 109] In September 2006, Gore traveled to Sydney, Australia to promote the film. Then-Australian Prime Minister John Howard said he would not meet with Gore or agree to Kyoto because of the movie: I don't take policy advice from films. Former Opposition Leader Kim Beazley joined Gore for a viewing and other MPs attended a special screening at Parliament House earlier in the week. [110] After winning the general election a year later, Prime Minister Kevin Rudd ratified Kyoto in his first week of office, leaving the United States the only industrialized nation in the world not to have signed the treaty. [110] In the United Kingdom, Conservative party leader and future Prime Minister David Cameron urged people to watch the film in order to understand climate change. [111] In Belgium, activist Margaretha Guidone persuaded the entire Belgian government to see the film. [112] 200 politicians and political staff accepted her invitation, among whom were Belgian prime minister Guy Verhofstadt and Minister-President of Flanders, Yves Leterme. [113] In Costa Rica, the film was screened by president Óscar Arias. [114] Arias's subsequent championing of the climate change issue was greatly influenced by the film. [115] Industry and business [ edit] The Competitive Enterprise Institute released pro- carbon dioxide television ads in preparation for the film's release in May 2006. The ads featured a little girl blowing a dandelion with the tagline, Carbon dioxide. They call it pollution. We call it life. 116] In August 2006, the Wall Street Journal revealed that a YouTube video lampooning Gore and the movie, titled Al Gore's Penguin Army, appeared to be " astroturfing " by DCI Group, a Washington public relations firm. [117] 118] Use in education [ edit] Several colleges and high schools have featured the film in science curricula. [119] In Germany, German Environment Minister Sigmar Gabriel bought 6, 000 DVDs of An Inconvenient Truth to make it available to German schools. [120] Prime Minister José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero distributed 30 000 copies to the Spanish schools in October 2007. [121] In Burlington, Ontario, Canada, the Halton District School Board made An Inconvenient Truth available at schools and as an educational resource. [122] In the United Kingdom [ edit] As part of a nationwide "Sustainable Schools Year of Action" launched in late 2006, the UK Government, Welsh Assembly Government and Scottish Executive announced between January–March 2007 that copies of An Inconvenient Truth would be sent to all their secondary schools. The film was placed into the science curriculum for fourth and sixth-year students in Scotland as a joint initiative between Learning and Teaching Scotland and ScottishPower. [123] Dimmock case [ edit] In May 2007, Stewart Dimmock—a lorry (HGV) driver, school governor from Kent, England, and member of a right-wing group called the New Party —challenged the UK Government's distribution of the film in a lawsuit, Dimmock v Secretary of State for Education and Skills, with help from political ally and New Party founder Viscount Monckton, 124] 125] who notably pointed out "35 serious scientific errors. 126] The plaintiffs sought an injunction preventing the screening of the film in English schools, arguing that by law schools are forbidden to promote partisan political views and, when dealing with political issues, are required to provide a balanced presentation of opposing views. On October 10, 2007, Justice Michael Burton, after explaining that the requirement for a balanced presentation does not warrant that equal weight be given to alternative views of a mainstream view, ruled that it was clear that the film was substantially founded upon scientific research and fact, albeit that the science had been used, in the hands of a "talented politician and communicator" to make a political statement and to support a political program. [127] The judge ruled that An Inconvenient Truth contained nine scientific errors and thus must be accompanied by an explanation of those errors before being shown to school children. The judge said that showing the film without the explanations of error would be a violation of education laws. [128] The judge concluded "I have no doubt that Dr Stott, the Defendant's expert, is right when he says that: Al Gore's presentation of the causes and likely effects of climate change in the film was broadly accurate. On the basis of testimony from Robert M. Carter and the arguments put forth by the claimant's lawyers, the judge also pointed to nine "errors" i. e. statements the truth of which he did not rule on, but that he found to depart from the mainstream scientific positions on global warming. [128] 129] 130] He also found that some of these departures from the mainstream arose in the context of alarmism and exaggeration in support of political theses. [131] 132] Since the government had already accepted to amend the guidance notes to address these along with other points in a fashion that the judge found satisfactory, no order was made on the application. Each side declared victory. Government Minister of Children, Young People and Families, Kevin Brennan stated: We have updated the accompanying guidance, as requested by the judge to make it clearer for teachers as to the stated Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change position on a number of scientific points raised in the film. 133] Plaintiff Dimmock complained that "no amount of turgid guidance" could change his view that the film was unsuitable for the classroom. [134] A spokesman for Gore said: Of the thousands of facts in the film, the judge only took issue with just a handful. And of that handful, we have the studies to back those pieces up. 135] In the United States [ edit] In January 2007, the Federal Way (Washington State) School Board voted to require an approval by the principal and the superintendent for teachers to show the film to students and that the teachers must include the presentation of an approved "opposing view. 136] The moratorium was repealed, at a meeting on January 23, after a predominantly negative community reaction. [137] Shortly thereafter, the school board in Yakima, Washington, calling the film a "controversial issue" prevented the Environmental Club of Eisenhower High School from showing it, pending review by the school board, teachers, principal, and parents. [138] It lifted the stay a month later, upon the approval by a review panel. [139] National Science Teachers Association [ edit] In the United States, 50, 000 free copies of An Inconvenient Truth were offered to the National Science Teachers Association (NSTA) which declined to take them. Producer David provided an email correspondence from the NSTA detailing that their reasoning was that the DVDs would place "unnecessary risk upon the [NSTA] capital campaign, especially certain targeted supporters. and that they saw "little, if any, benefit to NSTA or its members" in accepting the free DVDs. [140] In public, the NSTA argued that distributing this film to its members would have been contrary to a long-standing NSTA policy against distributing unsolicited materials to its members. The NSTA also said that they had offered several other options for distributing the film but ultimately " it] appears that these alternative distribution mechanisms were unsatisfactory. 141] David has said that NSTA Executive Director Gerry Wheeler promised in a telephone conversation to explore alternatives with NSTA's board for advertising the film but she had not yet received an alternative offer at the time of NSTA's public claim. She also said that she rejected their subsequent offers because they were nothing more than offers to sell their "commercially available member mailing list" and advertising space in their magazine and newsletter, which are available to anyone. [142] The American Association for the Advancement of Science publication ScienceNOW published an assessment discussing both sides of the NSTA decision in which it was reported that "David says NSTA's imprimatur [i. endorsement or sanction] was essential and that buying a mailing list is a nonstarter. 'You don't want to send out a cold letter, and it costs a lot of money. she says. 'There are a thousand reasons why that wouldn't work. 143] A The Washington Post editorial called the decision "Science a la Joe Camel. citing for example that the NSTA had received 6 million since 1996 from Exxon Mobil, which had a representative on the organization's corporate board. [144] David noted that in the past, NSTA had shipped out 20, 000 copies of a 10-part video produced by Wheeler with funding provided by ConocoPhillips in 2003. NSTA indicated that they retained editorial control over the content, which David questioned based on the point of view portrayed in the global warming section of the video. [142] In New Zealand [ edit] Former ACT New Zealand Member of Parliament Muriel Newman filed a petition to have New Zealand schoolchildren be protected from political indoctrination by putting provisions that resembled those in the UK to the Education Act. The petition was in response to concerned parents talked with Newman after An Inconvenient Truth was shown in schools in 2007. The parents were apparently worried that teachers were not pointing out supposed inaccuracies in the film and were not explaining differing viewpoints. [145] Music [ edit] An Inconvenient Truth: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack Soundtrack album by Michael Brook Released September 26, 2006 Length 44: 43 Label High Wire Music Producer Michael Brook Professional ratings Review scores Source Rating Allmusic [146] An Inconvenient Truth was scored by Michael Brook with an accompanying theme song played during the end credits by Melissa Etheridge. Brook explained that he wanted to bring out the emotion expressed in the film.   in Inconvenient Truth, there's a lot of information and it's kind of a lecture, in a way, and very well organized and very well presented, but it's a lot to absorb. And the director, Guggenheim, wanted to have – sort of give people a little break every once in a while and say, okay, you don't have to absorb this information, you can just sort of – and it was more the personal side of Al Gore's life or how it connected to the theme of the film. And that's when there's music. 147] Etheridge agreed to write An Inconvenient Truth' s theme song. I Need to Wake Up " after viewing Gore's slide show. [148] I was so honored he would ask me to contribute to a project that is so powerful and so important, I felt such a huge responsibility. she said. "Then I went, What am I going to write? What am I going to say. Etheridge's former partner, Tammy Lynn Michaels, told her: Write what you feel, because that's what people are going to feel. 148] Of Etheridge's commitment to the project, Gore said, Melissa is a rare soul who gives a lot of time and effort to causes in which she strongly believes. 148] Etheridge received the 2006 Academy Award for Best Original Song for "I Need to Wake Up. Upon receiving the award, she noted in her acceptance speech: Mostly I have to thank Al Gore, for inspiring us, for inspiring me, showing that caring about the Earth is not Republican or Democrat; it's not red or blue, it's all green. [75] Track listing No. Title Length 1. "Main Title (River View) 1:23 2. "Science" 2:54 3. "Prof. Revelle" 2:07 4. "How Could I Spend My Time. 2:40 5. "Katrina" 1:36 6. "Election" 2:58 7. "Farm, Pt. 1" 1:43 8. 2" 3:04 9. "Airport" 2:14 10. "Flood" 2:15 11. "Beijing" 1:21 12. "Tobacco" 2:11 13. "1000 Slide Shows" 2:19 14. "Earth Alone" 3:30 15. "Best Unsaid" 2:40 16. "Boom" 1:58 17. "Carte Noir" 3:09 Sequel [ edit] When asked during a Reddit "Ask Me Anything" in October 2013 whether there were plans for a follow-up film, Guggenheim said, I think about it a lot – I think we need one right now. 149] In 2014, The Hollywood Reporter reported that the producers of the film were in talks over a possible sequel. [150] We have had conversations. co-producer Bender said. "We've met; we've discussed. If we are going to make a movie, we want it to have an impact. 150] Co-producer David also believed a sequel was needed. "God, do we need one. David said. "Everything in that movie has come to pass. At the time we did the movie, there was Hurricane Katrina; now we have extreme weather events every other week. The update has to be incredible and shocking. 150] In December 2016, Al Gore announced that a follow-up to An Inconvenient Truth would open at the 2017 Sundance Film Festival. The film was screened in the Climate section, a new section for films featuring themes of climate and the environment. [151] It was released by Paramount on July 28, 2017. [152] See also [ edit] CO2 (opera) An Inconvenient Truth 2 (TV series) Not Evil Just Wrong (2009 documentary film) Human impact on the environment Hurricane Katrina Extinction risk from global warming Racing Extinction Catching the Sun References [ edit. An Inconvenient Truth (U. British Board of Film Classification. May 18, 2006. Retrieved December 9, 2016. ^ A chat with Inconvenient Truth co-producer and Hollywood bigwig Lawrence Bender. Grist. March 6, 2007. Retrieved March 7, 2007. ^ An Inconvenient Truth. Box Office Mojo. Retrieved June 20, 2010. ^ An Inconvenient Truth. The New York Times. Retrieved November 23, 2008. ^ Documentary 1982–present (film rankings by lifetime gross. Archived from the original on April 1, 2010. Retrieved March 13, 2010. ^ a b Revkin, Andrew (May 22, 2006. An Inconvenient Truth' Al Gore's Fight Against Global Warming. Archived from the original on May 12, 2011. Retrieved November 2, 2009. ^ Stacks, Shane (June 20, 2006. Keynote conveniently powers Al Gore's "An Inconvenient Truth. Ars Technica. Retrieved September 15, 2014. ^ Rainer, Peter (May 26, 2006. Al Gore's global warning. The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved November 3, 2009. ^ a b Ebert, Roger (May 28, 2006. Al Gore plays leading man. Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved November 2, 2009. ^ Gallo, Carmine (2007. Fire Them Up. 7 Simple Secrets To Inspire Colleagues, Customers, And Clients, Sell Yourself, Your Vision, And Your Values, Communicate With Charisma And Confidence. John Wiley and Sons. p.  92. ISBN   978-0-470-16566-9. ^ Philander, S. George (2008. Encyclopedia of Global Warming And Climate Change. SAGE. p. 58. ISBN   978-1-4129-5878-3. ^ Michiko Kakutani (May 23, 2006. Al Gore Revisits Global Warming, With Passionate Warnings and Pictures. 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MashaAllah truth coming straight from his heart.

What a disappointment Cornel West is also a fraud, ask him about his wife ( when you marry a caucasian, then you get recognition. fact. Academy Award-winning documentarian Freida Lee Mock takes on law professor Anita Hill's testimony at the Clarence Thomas confirmation hearings and its two-decade-long aftermath in Anita, a thoughtful, deeply felt account of Hill's remarkable journey and transformation from private citizen to internationally respected gender equality activist. The Anita Hill-Clarence Thomas hearings took place the weekend of October 11, 1991, and those nine hours of testimony were indelible. To watch the articulate, reserved and unshakeable Hill give a straight-forward accounting of workplace sexual harassment, only to be subjected to scurrilous attacks and dismissed as a scorned loon by a panel of smug, old, white men was nearly incomprehensible. By the time it was over, Thomas had cleverly diverted the issue from gender to race—inexplicable because Anita Hill is also African-American—and was confirmed. Hill returned to the classroom in Oklahoma, and endured threats of violence and vilification in the press and from state Republicans who sought to have her removed from her tenured professorship. For the DC set, it was politics as usual. Wyoming Senator Alan Simpson actually referred to "that sexual harassment crap. One would think that such egregious disregard would scare off anyone so bold as to think they had a right to a harassment-free work place. At least that's what the pundits thought but instead, and as Mock so eloquently documents, the hearings had a galvanizing effect. 1992 became "The Year of the Woman. aka "The Anita Hill Class. and the conversation about gender-based power dynamics began in earnest. However, Hill herself seemed to disappear from public view. It only took 20 years and one very odd phone call to spark her re-emergence. It's that call—a bizarre message recorded on Hill's office answering machine, from Justice Thomas' wife, Ginni—that opens Anita. Speaking to Documentary from her office in Los Angeles, Mock discussed the joy of having a fresh perspective on Hill's testimony and how it continues to reverberate across generations and genders. Anita Hill testifying before the Senate Judiciary Committee, October 1991. From Freida Lee Mock's Anita. Documentary: Why did you choose to open the film with that infamous message? Freida Lee Mock: I didn't anticipate the telephone call, and as a filmmaker I delight in those unplanned things. When it came to putting the film together and editing, that call was so resonant of the past and the present that we all thought it was a perfect way to bring the story into the future. In one sense it indicates how raw and fresh that hearing continues to be. Here's the wife of a Supreme Court Justice making a telephone call and asking for an apology for a sworn testimony. She called on a Saturday morning at 7:30 a. m. Does that sound logical? It was a very emotional and intimate issue for many people, and certainly for Mrs. Thomas. D: What made you choose Anita Hill at this time? FLM: I didn't quite choose the film. I wasn't even thinking about Anita Hill until the opportunity came up. I didn't really think about her in the years following the hearings, although I had been riveted when they were on and I viscerally remember her. A friend of hers called me and asked if I would send a copy of my Tony Kushner film, Wrestling with Angels. She didn't tell me who it was for. I agreed and asked why, and she said that her friend was often asked to participate in a film about her own life and she wanted her to see a good film. She said that she wanted her friend to say "yes" to the right filmmaker. Then, when I asked for the address and saw the name I voiced to myself. Anita Hill. I'm absolutely sure I said this to myself: If she's going to say yes to a filmmaker, why not me. So I sent her Wrestling with Angels and the Maya Lin film [ Maya Lin: A Strong Clear Vision] with a note saying, Thank you for all you've done. And then I asked, If you're going to say ‘yes' to a filmmaker, would you consider me? Shortly afterward she called me and we started an email correspondence and had some conversations on the phone about what this film might be. And I, of course, as I usually do to get the big picture when I start a film, began reading to understand what had happened. D: How did you approach the breadth of the narrative? FLM: I knew the story would be about the life and times. I didn't have a lot of planning before the decision was made that she would cooperate and that I'd be the filmmaker. I realized that the 20th anniversary was coming up in 2011 and to look at the story in that time frame, in a perspective away from the heat of the period, is to understand both the story of Anita Hill and what happened after the hearings. The other part is what the political framework was in terms of sexual harassment and what was going on behind the scenes with the issues of race and sex. That background became really apparent, but at the time, those of us turning on the television set didn't know. We started filming in 2010, on Martin Luther King Day, and then it premiered at Sundance three years later-exactly to that day. It was nice to have it finished in time for that moment. It was an opportunity to tell a story in a trajectory of then, now and the future. It was a logical structure. D: What was the process like when you were deciding what to use from the hearings? FLM: I watched most of everything from that Columbus Day weekend. She is who she is because of the hearings. As she says in the film, it changed the trajectory of her life. I needed to collapse it and capture the essence and not make it archival and strung together. I tried to be true to the spirit of the moment and select things that were representative of the whole. The challenge was to go beyond the salacious language, but of course we had to deal with that too. It was a serious matter and it did have a ripple effect in that it finally allowed the dialogue about sexual harassment that had been buried up until 1991, to begin. It also inspired a lot of activism. D: I had missed how many congresswomen had spoken up in 1991. Was that a discovery to you as well? FLM: Yes, and we came across a lot of stuff. A lot of the women who spoke up then are still in Washington. That footage in particular says how much more they understood than the guys who were on the committee. They stood as a group and they made it a point to attend the hearing. They were congresswomen who were there to watch those senators. D: Had you had any idea of the amount of public support that she had before you shot the scene in the basement? FLM: It was eye-opening when we went down into the basement, where she has the file cabinets full of endless letters of support. They're written to her from ordinary citizens from all over the world. Before the hearings she was very happy and fulfilled being a professor of law. She loved commercial law and contracts. It's a pretty intellectually challenging area. She wasn't an activist or a public speaker about any issues. To me, this is a story of transformation. She became a public spokesperson for gender equality, and that happened primarily because of those letters. They spoke to her and were sustaining during those very difficult times after the hearings when she was being vilified. She would read the letters and find great inspiration and solace. She felt that the writers were looking to her to speak for them, and she rose to the occasion and became a public person because of the support of ordinary people. Anita Hill, 20 years later. From Freida Lee Mock's Anita. D: The score is particularly apt. How did you find Lili Haydn? FLM: Toward the end, everything was so rushed to meet the Sundance deadline. It was the first time I ever used the gender card but something about the story was so intimate that I thought perhaps I needed a composer who was a woman. I asked around and Lili was among those recommended. Brian [Johnson, the editor] and I listened to her music online and we thought, This is wonderful. We worked together quickly. I don't think she slept for a month! Left to right: Filmmaker Freida Lee Mock, Anita Hill, composer Lili Haydn, at the 2013 Sundance Film Festival. Photo: 2013 Chad Hurst. Courtesy of D: When all is said and done, do you see Hill as the winner in this, despite Thomas' sitting on Supreme Court? FLM: As a filmmaker I didn't set out to ask the public to decide who's telling the truth. Hopefully what you hear is her story and who she is and her truth. As for judging him, I find it's important for me not to get into that. Anita opens in theaters March 21 through Samuel Goldwyn Films. Elisabeth Greenbaum Kasson is a Los Angeles-based writer whose work has appeared in the Los Angeles Times, Documentary, Movie City News, Health Callings and more. Her stories have covered the gamut from movies, music and culture to IT and healthcare.

As An Inconvenient Sequel: Truth to Power  opens up in theaters, we know that people are going to have questions both before and after going to see it. So we decided to answer as many as we could ahead of time and compile them all here. Q: Why make a sequel? Back in 2006, An Inconvenient Truth sounded the alarm on the climate crisis, starting a global conversation and inspiring a new kind of climate movement to rise up and confront this challenge. A decade on, the movement has made incredible progress and weve won incredible victories like the Paris Agreement. But our work is far from done and the threat to our planet is even greater and more urgent than ever. The good news is that today, clean energy solutions are more affordable and practical than theyve ever been and we have the tools we need to solve the crisis. And the world needs to know. Its time to sound the alarm again. Its time to get to work and unite the planet in working together to solve the climate crisis.  An Inconvenient Sequel: Truth to Power rings the alarm loud and clear, calling on all of us to fight like our world depends on it.  Q: How is this film different from the original? An Inconvenient Truth was a wake-up call alerting the global community to the reality of the climate crisis, bringing unprecedented awareness of this existential threat to our public consciousness.  An Inconvenient Sequel: Truth to Power documents how the crisis has become more severe, but also highlights the many  solutions  at hand. We dont have time to wait – but solutions are here and clean energy is replacing dirty fossil fuels in more and more places around the world. We have so many reasons for hope.  Q: Whats the connection between The Climate Reality Project and  An Inconvenient Sequel: Truth to Power? After An Inconvenient Truth, former Vice President Al Gore created The Climate Reality Project to train the next generation of organizers and activists to spread the word about the climate crisis and catalyze solutions around the world. The film prominently features Climate Reality Leadership Corps trainings as part of Vice President Gores work to build a global movement to solve the crisis. Climate Reality Leaders are trained to share the urgency of the crisis and the many solutions at hand to their communities. They give versions of Vice President Gores slideshow all around the world, and drive change in powerful ways,  like  stopping the construction of a coal export terminal  or  addressing the impacts of the crisis on poor rural communities.  Q: What role does The Climate Reality Project play in the story of  An Inconvenient Sequel: Truth to Power? A big one. Watch An Inconvenient Sequel:   Truth to Power and youll see Vice President Gore building a global movement of citizens fighting for a sustainable future. Those  Climate Reality Leaders  you see him training? Thats  us.   Those supremely smart and attractive women and men around him at the Stanford speaking event? Us too. Theres a place for you in this movement and a way you can make a real difference by joining our work.  Sign up for our activist email list  and well show you ways to speak truth to power and make a greater impact than you thought possible. As we say: You want to change the world. Well show you how. Q: What do you want audiences to come away with? Two things. The first is hope.  Were not talking about Pollyanna fantasies. Were talking about a grounded belief that we can and will solve the crisis. Because – with the costs of clean energy decreasing all the time and people rising up around the world to demand their leaders take action – we can. And will. The second is the knowledge that we can all make a real difference in the fight for climate solutions, no matter how old we are, what we do, or where we live.  Q: What can I do to help the movement? First, use your voice. Start by  downloading the Climate Crisis 101 e-book   to get the latest on climate science and solutions in an easy-to-follow format.  Then, share the truth and talk to your friends and family members about the crisis and how well solve it by shifting to clean, renewable energy sources like wind and solar. The more people who understand both how urgent the crisis and how affordable and practical the solutions are,  the more momentum we build for the transition to a clean energy economy. And for your friends and family, theres no better messenger than you. Dont stop there. Speak up and demand that your elected officials at every level – from town or city council members to representatives and senators – take action to cut emissions and embrace clean energy solutions every way they can. Second, use your everyday choices. Choose to  sign up for Climate Realitys email activist list  and get involved with our on-the-ground efforts to accelerate the shift to a clean energy economy. And when youre ready to take the next step, choose to  apply to become a Climate Reality Leader. Q: What about recycling and using energy efficient light bulbs? I thought I was doing enough. Taking practical steps to reduce your daily footprint is important, but if were going to truly solve the crisis, we need to effect change at all levels of society and shift from dirty fossil fuels to clean energy. As Vice President Gore says, “Weve got to stop changing lightbulbs  and start changing legislation. ” Q: How do I learn more about the climate crisis? There are many great resources out there, but an easy place to start is with  Climate Realitys Climate Crisis 101 e -book. Yes! Vice President Gore has created a 10-minute version of his presentation called Truth in 10, available at You can use it to share the truth about the climate crisis with friends and family members.  Download it here. Q: The push for the Paris Agreement is a central part of  An Inconvenient Sequel: Truth to Power. What happens now that President Trump has announced that the US will withdraw? The presidents decision to withdraw the US from the agreement is a disappointment for sure.  But its not the end of the world. US withdrawal takes the federal government temporarily out of the fight for a sustainable future. But it does nothing to change the market forces that are  stronger than any politician  and are  making clean energy alternatives cheaper every year. Renewables like wind and solar are now cost-competitive – and sometimes even cheaper – than fossil fuels in more and more regions around the world and this trend is only growing. The presidents decision also does nothing to change the  seven out of 10 Americans who support the agreement  and want the country to confront the crisis. Just look at the hundreds of thousands of Americans whove stood up to say “ I Am Still In ” the agreement.  Or the over 220 cities and communities, nine states, and 1, 650 companies and investors whove come together to make good on US climate commitments  – without the White House. Or the 19 other leaders of the worlds biggest economies who  reaffirmed their commitment  to the Paris Agreement at Julys G20 meeting. What this means is that the support for bold action is there, both in the US and abroad. We have the power in our hands to make a sustainable future a reality. Now we have to act. We have to use our voices to make climate an issue no politician can ignore. We have to choose clean energy alternatives to dirty fossil fuels and work together in our communities and with activists around the world to cut greenhouse gas emissions at every turn. This is how well win. Q: Doesnt the process of making a film like  An Inconvenient Sequel:   Truth to Power  have a major carbon footprint? We all inevitably leave our footprint on the Earth. The question is how we minimize and mitigate it – and today, there are many ways for individuals and businesses of all sizes to significantly reduce or completely offset their footprints. The producers of An Inconvenient Sequel:   Truth to Power worked with a third-party to offset all emissions associated with the film and ensure it was a carbon-neutral project. Q: What does “Truth to Power” mean? In recent decades, movements from marriage equality to civil rights to ending apartheid have fought to make our world a more fair, just, and wonderful place. And while each movement has had its own specific aims and methods, each has united countless citizens of all creeds, backgrounds, and walks of life in speaking the truth of their cause to the interests of the rich and powerful in their way. An Inconvenient Sequel: Truth to Power connects the fight for a sustainable future to this proud tradition of great social movements.  The film gives voice to the truths of the climate movement: our climate is changing, largely  because of human activity, and we can  take a huge step in  solv ing  the crisis with a shift to clean energy.  By speaking up for truth together, we can and will solve the climate crisis for ourselves and future generations.   Q: Who are all those people in the audience listening to Vice President Gore? Climate Reality Leaders! Theyre regular citizens from all walks of life concerned about the climate crisis and committed to taking action to solve it. Leaders attend a multi-day training where they attend sessions with Vice President Gore and a host of other field-leading experts, gaining the organizing and communications skills to mobilize their communities to act.  To find out how you can become a Climate Reality Leader, visit our training page. Q: Whats that song in  An Inconvenient Sequel: Truth to Power  and how do I find it? The song is  “Truth to Power” by  OneRepublic.  Q: What happens with the proceeds from  An Inconvenient Sequel: Truth to Power? Does the film personally benefit former Vice President Al Gore? Vice President Gores own personal share of proceeds will go to support the exact same work documented in the film: equipping and training citizens to become world-changing activists through the  Climate Reality Leadership Corps  and other Climate Reality programs. To put it another way, when you see An Inconvenient Sequel: Truth to Power, youre  helping  support the fight for climate solutions.  Q: What is Vice President Gores favorite kind of food? And does he have a favorite color? You can never go wrong with Tex-Mex. Seriously. And blue. Like the oceans. So what do I do next? Go see the movie! Using our CLIMATEBOGO promo code, buy one ticket  to see An Inconvenient Sequel: Truth to Power and get a second ticket free.  The film   open s  nationwide on August 4.  If you have any questions that we didnt touch on here you can always   contact us directly. You can also visit the  official An Inconvenient Sequel: Truth to Power website  for more information. If youre ready to take climate action and make a difference,  apply to our Pittsburgh Climate Reality Leadership Corps training  – led by Vice President Gore himself.

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